A study committee appointed by Pace Society president Bob Pace and chaired by Roy Johnson studied possible sponsors and labs for nearly two months. We browsed the Internet, subscribed to DNA mailing lists, and asked questions. Of about15 responses to requests for recommendations, all but one recommended Family Tree DNA, Inc (FTDNA). FTDNA provides evaluation tools, facilities, services, and used the University of Arizona lab for the actual tests. Click here for the FTDNA home page and further explanation.
Costs (project pricing at a discount)
- Y-DNA12: 12 Marker Test $99
- Y-DNA 25: 25 Marker Test $148
- Y-DNA37: 37 Markers Test $189
- Y-DNA67: 67 marker test $269
- Y-Refine 12 to 25 *** $49
- Y-Refine12 to 37 * $99
- Y-Refine 12 to 67 ** $189
- Y-Refine 25 to 37 ** $49
- Y-Refine 25 to 67 ** $148
- Y-Refine 37to67 *** $99
NOTE: International Postage is $4.00 US
"Marker" refer to the number of alleles, or positions, that are checked in the Y chromosome tests of male subjects. The more markers tested, the more accurate the results. It should be emphasized that a 12 marker test can only give negative results; in other words, many differences on a 12 marker test would prove that the individuals compared were NOT related, but a perfect match would only show a 90% probability of relationship within 48 generations, so it wouldn't prove much. An upgrade would be needed.
So which should you choose? It depends on your objectives. If you can afford it, the more markers the better. If you are not sure if you fit in, and are just trying to find out. it might be better to start with 12 and see if you match anyone. If there is no match, then there is no need to go further until and unless a possible match comes up.